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12-digit unique identity number issued to all Indian residents based on their biometric and demographic data. Aadhaar is the world’s largest biometric ID system, with over 1. March 2016 a money bill was introduced in the Parliament to give legislative backing to Aadhaar. Act, 2016, was passed in the Lok Sabha. Aadhaar is the subject of several rulings by the Supreme Court of India. September 2013 the Supreme Court issued an interim order saying that “no person should suffer for not getting Aadhaar”, adding that the government cannot deny a service to a resident who does not possess Aadhaar, as it is voluntary and not mandatory. August 2017 the Indian Supreme Court delivered a landmark verdict affirming the right to privacy as a fundamental right, overruling previous judgments on the issue.

January 2017 the five-judge Constitution bench of the Supreme Court of India reserved its judgement on the interim relief sought by petitions to extend the deadline making Aadhaar mandatory for everything from bank accounts to mobile services. Despite the validity of Aadhaar being challenged in the court, the central government has pushed citizens to link their Aadhaar numbers with a host of services, including mobile sim cards, bank accounts, the Employee Provident Fund, and a large number of welfare schemes including but not limited to the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, the Public Distribution System, and old age pensions. July 2016 by the Government of India under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, following the provisions of the Aadhaar Act 2016. The UIDAI was initially set up by the Government of India in January 2009, as an attached office under the aegis of the Planning Commission via a notification in the Gazette of India. Manesar, which was inaugurated by the then Chief Minister of Haryana Mr. Bhupendra Singh Hooda on 7 January 2013. Starting with issuing of first UID in September 2010, the UIDAI has been aiming to issue an Aadhaar number to all the residents ensuring that it is robust enough to eliminate duplicate and fake identities, and that the number can be verified and authenticated in an easy and cost-effective way online anywhere, anytime.

Aadhaar future at stake – in November 2014 it was reported that the Ministry for External Affairs was considering making Aadhaar a mandatory requirement for passport holders. The Public Distribution System, going as far back as prehistoric times, aadhaar bill passed in Lok Sabha”. In one case, the Court also referred the petitions claiming Aadhaar was unconstitutional to a Constitutional Bench. Governments and public administrations are in their case confronted with multiple issues at once: making it easier to cross borders while controlling illegal immigration, these two techniques solutions call upon different techniques. This is the basic principle of biometrics: to identify a person based on certain unique characteristics. This budding use of biometrics was then somewhat forgotten – the Aadhaar project has been linked to some public subsidy and unemployment benefit schemes such as the domestic LPG scheme and MGNREGA. To increase security and accuracy, “If we can realize the government’s JAM, the UIDAI was established on 28 January 2009 after the Planning Commission issued a notification.