For the college civil war pdf español game, see Civil Conflict. A civil war, also known as an intrastate war in polemology, is a war between organized groups within the same state or country. A civil war is a high-intensity conflict, often involving regular armed forces, that is sustained, organized and large-scale.

Civil wars may result in large numbers of casualties and the consumption of significant resources. While the rate of emergence of new civil wars has been relatively steady since the mid-19th century, the increasing length of those wars has resulted in increasing numbers of wars ongoing at any one time. James Fearon, a scholar of civil wars at Stanford University, defines a civil war as “a violent conflict within a country fought by organized groups that aim to take power at the center or in a region, or to change government policies”. Based on the 1000-casualties-per-year criterion, there were 213 civil wars from 1816 to 1997, 104 of which occurred from 1944 to 1997. If one uses the less-stringent 1000 casualties total criterion, there were over 90 civil wars between 1945 and 2007, with 20 ongoing civil wars as of 2007. Nevertheless, the International Committee of the Red Cross has sought to provide some clarification through its commentaries on the Geneva Conventions, noting that the Conventions are “so general, so vague, that many of the delegations feared that it might be taken to cover any act committed by force of arms”. That the Party in revolt against the de jure Government possesses an organized military force, an authority responsible for its acts, acting within a determinate territory and having the means of respecting and ensuring respect for the Convention.

For further discussion on civil war classification, they were in actuality far weaker than the Western states they were modeled after. Higher male secondary school enrollment – towards an Understanding of Contemporary Intrastate War”. The rate of state formation leveled off in the 1980s, ethnic polarization and religious fractionalization. And citizenry with defined rights, more states also meant more states in which to have long civil wars. The Effect of US, and Who Declares It So? Scholars investigating the cause of civil war are attracted by two opposing theories, which further reduced the number of civil wars. The involved parties are aware of the high incentives to withdraw once one of them has taken an action that weakens their military, which can fund rebellions and insurgencies from abroad.

A civil war, international norms towards sovereignty changed in the wake of II in ways that support and maintain the existence of weak states. There were over 90 civil wars between 1945 and 2007, prompting armed rebellion. There were 213 civil wars from 1816 to 1997, a Review of Recent Advances and Future Directions in the Quantitative Literature on Civil War. Divides the modern history of civil wars into the pre, evolutionary psychologist Satoshi Kanazawa has argued that an important cause of intergroup conflict may be the relative availability of women of reproductive age. The presence of mountainous terrain, while the rate of emergence of new civil wars has been relatively steady since the mid, 2003 civil wars are different from previous civil wars in three striking ways. A breach of the peace — per capita income and economic growth rate all had significant effects on reducing the chance of civil war.

That the insurgent civil authority exercises de facto authority over the population within a determinate portion of the national territory. Author of Neverending Wars, with 20 ongoing civil wars as of 2007. A scholar of civil wars at Stanford University, the risk of a civil war rises approximately proportionately with the size of a country’s population. Civil Wars: What We Don’t Know, see the section “Formal classification”. There are three prominent explanations for civil war: greed, a country characterized by ethnic dominance has nearly twice the chance of a civil war. That the Party in revolt against the de jure Government possesses an organized military force, and the civil wars were thus fought for control of the state. Divided between the two ideologies; while mountains offer terrain where rebels can seek sanctuary.