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Open the form using word or excel, fill it out and resave. Follow the link for more information. Not to be confused with Comix. Comics is a medium used to express ideas by images, often combined with text or other visual information. Comics frequently takes the form of juxtaposed sequences of panels of images.
The history of comics has followed different paths in different cultures. Scholars have posited a pre-history as far back as the Lascaux cave paintings. The English term comics is used as a singular noun when it refers to the medium and a plural when referring to particular instances, such as individual strips or comic books. American newspaper comic strips, it has become standard also for non-humorous works. The increasing cross-pollination of concepts from different comics cultures and eras has further made definition difficult. The European, American, and Japanese comics traditions have followed different paths.
Europeans have seen their tradition as beginning with the Swiss Rodolphe Töpffer from as early as 1827 and Americans have seen the origin of theirs in Richard F. Theorists debate whether the Bayeux Tapestry is a precursor to comics. Illustrated humour periodicals were popular in 19th-century Britain, the earliest of which was the short-lived The Glasgow Looking Glass in 1825. American comics developed out of such magazines as Puck, Judge, and Life. Shorter, black-and-white daily strips began to appear early in the 20th century, and became established in newspapers after the success in 1907 of Bud Fisher’s Mutt and Jeff. In the latter half of the 20th century, popular culture won greater acceptance, and the lines between high and low culture began to blur. The francophone Swiss Rodolphe Töpffer produced comic strips beginning in 1827, and published theories behind the form.
French cartoonist Albert Uderzo draws the character Asterix. Frustration with censorship and editorial interference led to a group of Pilote cartoonists to found the adults-only L’Écho des savanes in 1972. From the 1980s, mainstream sensibilities were reasserted and serialization became less common as the number of comics magazines decreased and many comics began to be published directly as albums. Rakuten Kitazawa created the first modern Japanese comic strip. Illustrated magazines for Western expatriates introduced Western-style satirical cartoons to Japan in the late 19th century. New publications in both the Western and Japanese styles became popular, and at the end of the 1890s, American-style newspaper comics supplements began to appear in Japan, as well as some American comic strips.
The modern era of comics in Japan began after World War II, propelled by the success of the serialized comics of the prolific Osamu Tezuka and the comic strip Sazae-san. Comic strips are generally short, multipanel comics that traditionally most commonly appeared in newspapers. In the US, daily strips have normally occupied a single tier, while Sunday strips have been given multiple tiers. In the early 20th century, daily strips were typically in black-and-white and Sundays were usually in colour and often occupied a full page. Specialized comics periodicals formats vary greatly in different cultures.
Comic books, primarily an American format, are thin periodicals usually published in colour. A comparison of book formats for comics around the world. The left group is from Japan and shows the tankōbon and the smaller bunkobon formats. Book-length comics take different forms in different cultures. European comic albums are most commonly printed in A4-size colour volumes.